Dermatology is a branch of medicine that studies the structure and functioning of the skin and its appendages: hair, nails, as well as mucous membranes, diseases of the skin, its appendages and mucous membranes, methods of their prevention and treatment. Doctors who are involved in the diagnosis, treatment of congenital and acquired skin diseases are called dermatologists. . The complexity of identifying most diseases requires the highest qualification of a specialist to establish an accurate diagnosis and choose an effective treatment method. НIt is necessary to consult a dermatologist if the following symptoms are present: blisters, spots, rashes appear on the skin, a change in the shade of the integument is observed, and unpleasant sensations arise – pain, burning, itching.
These manifestations may be the result of acquired or hereditary diseases. It is important to diagnose them in a timely manner, to begin effective treatment.
Also, our skin is an indicator of the state of the whole organism, since dysfunctions of the internal organs and systems in the form of various rashes appear on the skin.
With such skin diseases, patients often turn to a dermatologist:
- Pappilomovirus infection;
- Herpes simplex;
- Fungal lesions of the skin and nail plates;
- Skin warts;
- Atopic dermatitis (neurodermatitis);
- Toxic-allergic dermatitis;
- Vitiligo (pigmentation disorder);
In order to correctly establish a diagnosis, a dermatologist needs to examine the skin, assess the general condition of the patient’s skin, establish a preliminary diagnosis, and, if necessary, prescribe additional studies.
The work of dermatologists is aimed at restoring the normal condition of the skin. This is facilitated by the use of new effective diagnostic methods in the work, which made it possible to accurately determine the pathogens that cause various skin diseases (bacterial, viral, fungal nature) and to successfully combat them. Modern dermatology allows to achieve high results in cases that recently seemed absolutely incurable.
The main methods of dermatological treatment:
- general and local drug therapy;
- psychotherapy (if skin diseases are provoked by nervous disorders);
- spa therapy (used for chronic diseases);
- strict diet.
The treatment of dermatological diseases is not only aimed at eliminating the disease itself and its symptoms. One of the goals is to restore the skin to a radiant and healthy appearance.